Thursday, August 27, 2020

Issue of Problem Facing the Welfare

Maybe no other kid serving frameworks experience a higher level of kids with an injury history than the kid government assistance framework. Nearly by definition, kids served by youngster government assistance have encountered in any event one significant horrendous accident, and many have long and complex injury chronicles. Youngsters in the kid government assistance framework, particularly those in child care, have a higher predominance of psychological well-being issues than everyone. Misuse and disregard frequently happen with simultaneous introduction to abusive behavior at home, substance misuse, and network violence.These kids likewise regularly face the extra stressors of expulsion from the home, various arrangements in out-of-home consideration (cultivate homes, covers, bunch homes, private treatment offices, family relationship situations), and various schools and friend gatherings. Examination demonstrates that introduction to injury can build the danger of encountering nu merous sorts of injury, known as polyvictimization or complex injury, with improved probability of antagonistic awful side effects. CWLA is focused on guaranteeing that kids and their families are furnished with compelling injury educated administrations that lead to their ideal well-being.In the winter of 2012, CWLA will commit an exceptional issue of its diary, Child Welfare, to tending with the impact of kid horrendous weight on kids, families, activities, and staff inside kid government assistance. Specifically noteworthy are articles that address the accompanying: Trauma-educated, proof based creative practice and strategy over the range of kid government assistance administrations including counteraction of kid misuse and disregard, family conservation and backing, kid and family security, arrangement, and permanency administrations Trauma-educated, prove based emotional wellness practice inside the youngster government assistance framework (e. g. screening, appraisal, and tre atment) Trauma and proof educated procedures and practices that improve the social and passionate prosperity for youngsters included or in danger of inclusion with kid government assistance who experience injury or potentially show injury manifestations Culturally responsive models for youth, family, and network commitment in creating injury educated kid government assistance practice, strategy, and foundational improvement Prevalence and effect of optional awful weight on kid government assistance staff and proof based intercessions demonstrated for auxiliary horrendous pressure Role of social issues and social competency on creating injury educated kid government assistance ractice, strategy, and fundamental improvement Data assortment, observational examination, and assessment of the impacts of recognizable proof, referral, and treatment on the wellbeing, permanency, and prosperity results of kids presented to awful pressure associated with the kid government assistance framework Effective cross-framework coordinated efforts between kid government assistance, instruction, emotional well-being, and adolescent equity frameworks in distinguishing and tending to the effect of injury on kids and families served by different frameworks While there are many promising works on rising in regards to the reaction of kid government assistance to address kid awful worry, there is a need to archive and offer information and encounters all the more extensively. CWLA is requesting compositions that archive and expand on these encounters. Examination based articles and calculated works referencing contemplates are welcome. Articles that report imaginative and promising practices where information is being manufactured are additionally empowered

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Evolution of Management Essays

Advancement of Management Essays Advancement of Management Essay Advancement of Management Essay The Evolution of Management thinking and practice have advanced in the course of the only remaining century because of expanded comprehension of human and authoritative conduct, the monetary atmosphere and authentic setting and the adjustments in ages after some time. In any case if we’re extremely fair, quite a bit of what we practice today is because of the counseling business playing on executives’ fears and yearnings by selling items and administrations that mess more up than arrangements, and our own human shortcoming of continually searching for a handy solution †¦ even to exceptionally complex issues.It’s time to reevaluate Management. Yet, before we do that, let’s investigate the back view mirror and perceive how we got to where we are today: 1910s-1940s: Management as Science Management as Science was created in the mid twentieth century and concentrated on expanding profitability and proficiency through normalization, division of work, centr alisation and chain of importance. A very ‘top down’ the executives with exacting authority over individuals and procedures ruled across ventures. 1950s-1960s: Functional OrganisationsDue to developing and progressively complex associations, the 1950’s and 1960’s saw the rise of practical associations and the Human Resource (HR) development. Chiefs started to comprehend the human factor underway and efficiency and devices, for example, objective setting, execution audits and sets of expectations were conceived. 1970s: Strategic Planning In the 1970’s we changed our concentration from estimating capacity to asset portion and apparatuses like Strategic Planning (GE), Growth Share Matrix (BCG) and SWOT were utilized to formalize key arranging processes.After quite a few years of ‘best practice’ and ‘one size fits all’ arrangements, scholastics started to creating possibility speculations. 1980s: Competitive Advantage As the bu siness condition became progressively serious and associated, and with a blossoming the executives consultancy industry, Competitive Advantage turned into a need for associations in the 1980’s. Devices like Total Quality Management (TQM), Six Sigma and Lean were utilized to gauge forms and improve efficiency. Workers were increasingly included by gathering information, yet ecisions were as yet made at the top, and objectives were utilized to oversee individuals and look after control. 1990s: Process Optimization Benchmarking and business process reengineering got well known in the 1990’s, and by the center of the decade, 60% of Fortune 500 organizations professed to have plans for or have just started such ventures. TQM, Six Sigma and Lean stayed well known and an increasingly comprehensive, association wide methodology and system usage made that big appearance with apparatuses, for example, Strategy Maps and Balance Scorecards. 2000s: Big DataLargely determined by the counseling business under the pennant of Big Data, associations in the 2000’s began to concentrate on utilizing innovation for development and worth creation. In the interim, oversaturation of existing business sector space headed to ideas, for example, Blue Ocean Strategy and Value Innovation. It’s 2013. Globalization, propels in innovation and expanded assorted variety have placed authoritative difficulties into hyper drive. In spite of the motivational stories we read about organizations like Zappos, Innocent Drinks and Google, truly the majority of us are utilizing out-dated administration practices and neglecting to take advantage of our people.Not persuaded? Think about this: 65% of individuals are despondent grinding away, just 14% comprehend their company’s procedure, and 75% are looking for occupations at this very moment. Presently, what do you imagine that accomplishes for your primary concern? How we lead our kin and how we take care of issues and d evelop, are probably the most significant parts of Management to get right. In our examination, we’ve in this manner took a gander at two parts of Management from the beginning of time, and how these will create later on (Figure 1): 1. The board Approach: the style of top administration, running from: a.Control (I. e. your manager guides you and how to do it). b. Set Goals (I. e. your manager defines objectives and desires, yet you have more opportunity with respect to how you accomplish them). c. Rouse (I. e. your manager gives you extension and opportunity to enhance on both the what and the how). 2. Way to deal with Innovation/Problem Solving: how pioneers take care of vital issues and grow new items and administrations. This extended from: a. Top Down (I. e. arrangements are made and originated from the top) b. Top Down with Bottom Up Data (I. e. he rest of the association contributes data and encounters, yet arrangements are still made at the top). c. Participatory (I. e . arrangements are made cooperatively, and all through the authoritative levels). Following an era of attempting to control individuals, procedures and data, we have gone to a point in authoritative history where we have to perceive that what worked before essentially isn’t enough any longer. Conventional Management is fine in the event that you need consistence, however on the off chance that you need development and development, you have to draw in your kin on an unheard of level. Top down control is a thing of the past.Succeeding in today’s condition requires an administration style that rouses and is participatory. Throughout the following couple of weeks I will talk about the eventual fate of associations, and what it truly takes to expand esteem creation, development and representative commitment in today’s business condition. : * Planning, arranging, staffing, coordinating and controlling are elements of - . * - is worried about arrangement making while i s worried about execution of approach. The way toward partitioning authority and obligation among official is known as the production of . * was the author of logical administration development. | Human relations movementElton Mayo, who is viewed as the originator of human relations development, and his partners, directed the Hawthorne Studies in the Hawthorne plant of Western Electric Company, USA during1927-1932. They expressed that the employees’ spirit affected efficiency and the chief should regard them as social creatures rather than monetary creatures or essentially as pinions of a wheel.For tackling any administration issue, the administrator ought to comprehend bunch mentalities and brain science, as workers are individuals from a gathering. His methodology and hypothesis accentuated the significance of human and social components and furthermore individual just as gathering connections, while the old style hypothesis of Taylor and Fayol offered significance to work substance and the board of physical assets. This hypothesis served to concentrate consideration on the social side of the work and man, instead of the conservative and specialized aspects.This hypothesis is additionally censured on the ground that there is no immediate association among spirit and profitability, henceforth the examination in Hawthorne plant had an administration predisposition, and that the examples were excessively little. Regardless of these reactions, the commitment of human relations remains and are being applied even today by chiefs. | MODERN MANAGEMENT APPROACHES| | BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE MOVEMENT: The social science approach through its exploration investigations of individual conduct and inspiration showed that the delight among assurance and efficiency was misrepresented and there was no immediate or profound association among confidence and profitability. Social science specialists made a further refinement of human relations development and furthermore sec ured an a lot more extensive degree in relational jobs and connections. The social science development which began after 1940 underlined the significance of people and their relational relationship, brain research of the people as identified with individual needs and inspiration and persuasive potential in people.The significant supporters of the conduct science development are A. Maslow, F. Hertzberg, V. Vroom and D. McGregor. While Maslow built up a need chain of command to clarify human conduct inside an association, Hertzberg and Vroom created inspirational models, which clarified the reasons for human conduct and inspiration in business. Social science development has drawn intensely on crafted by Maslow to clarify human conduct and the elements of inspiration process. McGregor built up his two hypotheses, viz. , Theory X and Y and furthermore clarified certain essential suspicions about the human element.The old style hypothesis reflected practically all the parts of Theory X while the conduct approach hypothesis of the board reflected practically all the parts of Theory Y. Components OF NEO-CLASSICAL THEORIES : This hypothesis might be expressed as follows. It might be noted here that the hypotheses began by Taylor and Fayol are called by certain scholars as Classical theoriesâ while the speculations satiated by the human relations development and the conduct science development are calledâ neo-Classical speculations. Henri Fayol, the dad of standards of the executives, has characterized administrative capacities as follows: a.Planning, including anticipating, b. Sorting out c. Telling d. Organizing, and e. Controlling. A concise portrayal of the different elements of the executives is given in the following unit. | LET US SUM UP| | In this unit we have found out about the significance and significance of the board and its different usage in various fields. Idea of the executives has gotten widespread and no association can get by without it. The board comprises of completing things through others by coordinating their endeavors in an incorporated and facilitated way for accomplishment of business objectives.It is a procedure comprising ofâ â capacities, for example, arranging, sorting out, impelling and controlling the business tasks in such a way as to achieve foreordained objectives. The development of the board thought can be grouped into three phases, viz, (I) pre-logical administration period, (ii) early administration approaches spoke to by scie

Friday, August 21, 2020

Blog Archive Software and Cybersecurity Trailblazer Laura Mather Joins Latest Entrepreneurial Podcast

Blog Archive Software and Cybersecurity Trailblazer Laura Mather Joins Latest Entrepreneurial Podcast Today, many aspiring MBAs and MBA graduates want to join start-ups or launch such companies themselves. Is entrepreneurship as exciting as it seems? Is it really for you? mbaMission Founder Jeremy Shinewald has teamed up with Venture for America and CBS Interactive  to launch  Smart People Should Build Things: The Venture for America Podcast. Each week, Shinewald interviews another entrepreneur so you can hear the gritty stories of their ups and downs on the road to success. The latest episode of the podcast series introduces listeners to Laura Mather, the founder of Silver Tail Systems and the founder and CEO of Unitive. The latter is Mather’s newest company, which has created a platform to reduce  hiring process biases. Matherâ€"who has in recent years been included on such lists as Fast Company’s Most Creative People in Business, Fortune’s Most Powerful Women Entrepreneurs, and Business Insider’s Most Powerful Women Engineersâ€"walks listeners through her story, including these bits: Attempting to make the worldâ€"or at least the customer’s worldâ€"a tiny bit better when serving as the director of trust and safety at eBay Protecting a staggering 1.5 billion customer accounts through her cybersecurity firm, Silver Tail Systems How she jumped  from Silver Tail’s management to founding Unitiveâ€"with zero time off in between! Subscribe to the podcast series to hear exciting behind-the-scenes stories from Mather and many more entrepreneurs! Share ThisTweet News

Monday, May 25, 2020

How to Manage and Identify American Beautyberry

American beautyberry has colorful berries that last long into winter and are eaten by a variety of wildlife. Beautyberry has proven to be an attractive plant for wildlife within its native range. Birds including robins, catbirds, cardinals, mockingbirds, brown thrashers, finches and towhees are favorite consumers of both the fresh berries and shriveled raisins. The fruit is heavily used by white-tailed deer and will be eaten well into late November. Specifics Scientific name: Callicarpa americanaPronunciation: kallee-CAR-pa ameri-KON-aCommon name(s): American beautyberry, beautyberry, French mulberryUSDA hardiness zones: 6 through 10Origin: native from Maryland to Florida and west through Tennessee, Arkansas, and Texas.Uses: natural garden specimen; wildlife food; spring flowersAvailability: somewhat available, may have to go out of the region to find the tree. American Beautyberrys Ecology Beautyberry commonly occurs on a wide variety of sites; moist to dry, open to shady. A favorite place for the American beautyberry is under open stands of pines. It is a pioneer and grows in newly disturbed forests, along forest margins, and along fencerows. It is somewhat fire-tolerant and increases in abundance after burns. Birds will readily spread seeds. Description Leaf: Opposite, deciduous, ovate to broadly lanceolate, 6 to 10 inches long, margins coarsely serrate to crenate except near base and hairy beneath with prominent veins.Flower: Dense axillary clusters with lavender-pink cymes on short stalks.Trunk/bark/branches: Multi-trunked, shade tolerant and with spreading branches. Stems ascending and spreading oppositely branched and young twigs light green.Fruit: The berry is a drupe, purple to violet and particularly attractive in September and October. The showy fruit clusters encircle the entire stem at regular intervals starting in late summer and persist in early winter.Propagation: As I have mentioned, seeds are bird-dispersed and this seeding is a major way the plant spreads. You can also propagate using semi-hardwood cuttings. This shrub often volunteers within its range, sometimes with such vigor that the species can be considered a pest. In-Depth American beautyberry has a coarse habit, large-toothed green to yellow-green oval-shaped leaves that turn chartreuse in the fall. Small lilac flowers appear in late summer, and for the next several months, the fruit, which grows in clusters around the stem, ripen to vibrant purple color. This woody shrub reaches 3-8 tall and is native to the southeast, where it will grow best in moist areas but can also withstand drought. In the landscape, you can prune American beautyberry if it grows too lanky. Pruning actually makes a very pretty plant. Cut it back to within 4 to 6 of the ground in early spring as it flowers and fruits on new wood. To make more beautyberries, take softwood cuttings, place them in the sand and keep moist. Cuttings should root in one to two weeks. This plant can tolerate extremes of heat and cold, it is very rarely bothered by insects or diseases and will live in most soils. Beautyberry can stand partial shade but is at its best in full sun if provided ample moisture. It will also be denser and more fruitful in the sun. American Beautyberry looks best planted in masses and is especially beautiful under pine trees or placed in a shrub border. By late summer and autumn, the flowers give rise to berry-like drupes in striking metallic shades of magenta and violet in the fall. The beautyberries are packed tightly together in clusters that encircle the stem. A variety called lactea has white fruits.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The 2012 Global Financial Crisis - 2365 Words

Introduction The 2008 Global Financial Crisis (GFC) was the worst crisis in history, and has wide range and deep effects on the world financial system and relations (Peihani 2012). The vulnerability of the world financial system was exposed from the 2008 GFC (Mohamed 2011). Hence, countries are trying to find a solution for the heavily market-relied global financial system, and protectionism has drawn the attention from a great portion of countries and researchers (Viju and Kerr 2011). Mohanmed (2011) defines protectionism as to support domestic production development, and protect it from global competitions, normally through the methods of Quota and Tariff. This paper is going to expand the findings of my previous briefing paper about the†¦show more content†¦The Congress started to increase the rate of tariff ever since, and reached its peak in 1828 of the rate of nearly 49%. Moreover, after experiencing few ups and downs from 1832 to 1842, the Congress started to decrease the rate of tariff from 1846 to 1857, to the average rate of 20%. The raise of tariff was mean to protect the local production of goods manufactured from wool, iron, hemp, lead, and glass; however, the tariff didn’t achieve its goal of promote domestic infant industries (Bruce 1998). Although the tariffs haven’t treated the American well, however the Republicans was insists on embrace protectionism. Moreover, America citizens were also opposed free trade due to the fact that protectionism could restrict imports and lower the unemployment rate (Bruce 2011). Benjamin Harrison defeated Grover Cleveland in the election of 1888, and passed the McKinley tariff in 1890 (Bruce 1998). The protectionists were arguing that not only infant industries need protections, but also mature industries. Furthermore, due to the fact that tariff was the principal source of revenue for the federal government (Bruce 1998), the Congress often avoid to use tariff for protectionist purpose, which might reduce the number of import and less the revenues (Bruce 2011). The situation has turned around since President William Howard created federal income tax (Bruce 1998), and it has soon replaced the tariff to became the principle revenue of U.S.Show MoreRelatedThe Problem Of Global Fina ncial Crisis1122 Words   |  5 Pagesreceivables and other financial assets are pooled together, with their cash flows or economic values redirected support payments on related securities.† â€Å"Securitization first emerged in the 1970s with the sale of securities backed by residential mortIn the 21st century, economic problems have incurred an increasing number of people s attention as the economic develop rapidly, and these problems are usually caused by human themselves. For instance, the occurrence of Global Financial Crisis (GFC) in 2007Read MoreBanking Sectors and Financial Crisis in the UAE and GCC Countries890 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿Banking Sectors Financial Crisis in the UAE GCC Countries Chapter Two Table of Contents I. UAE GCC Countries Economy Overview Overview of the Banking Sector. Islamic and conventional Banking principles. The structure of Islamic Banking in UAE GCC Countries Islamic Banks operating in the UAE GCC Countries Central Bank Federal Law II. The financial crisis in the UAE GCC Countries. Causes of the financial crisis. Effects of the financial crisis. Banking Sector beforeRead More2007-2008 Financial Crisis1327 Words   |  6 PagesThe Global Financial Crisis of 2007-2008 The Global Financial Crisis 2007-2008 Economists and scholars spend years dissecting financial markets and evaluating the causes of booms and busts. Throughout United States history there have been multiple economic booms that were underestimated and followed by recessions. In the situation of the 2007-2008 global financial crisis many culprits have been identified as causes, such as loose monetary policy, credit booms, deregulation, over complexity,Read MoreCiti Singapore: Company Analysis1754 Words   |  7 PagesCiti Singapore Contents Introduction of the Company 3 Environmental Factors 4 Financial Sector Uncertainty 4 Recovery from the Current Recession 4 Potential for another Global Recession 5 International Growth 5 Other Business Considerations 5 Demand for Capital 5 Demand for Deposits and Investments Opportunities 6 Citis Business Functions 6 Planning 6 Strategizing 6 Organizing 7 Leading 7 Controlling 7 Conclusion 8 Recommendations 8 Works Cited 10 IntroductionRead MoreThe Global Financial Crisis and The Regulation of Investment Banks1154 Words   |  5 Pagesroles. Investments banks play a very important role in stimulating investments in the United States both from individuals and corporate. The global financial environment has over the last decade experienced enough changes as can be witnessed from the key economic indicators. These changes have significantly impacted various stakeholders such as financial markets, money markets, capital markets and the general micro and macro economics players. Countries have been hit by recession and economic meltdownsRead MoreThe Financial Meltdown Crisis : Luis A. Santiago Gaetan1387 Words   |  6 PagesThe Financial Meltdown Crisis Luis A. Santiago-Gaetan University of Massachusetts-Amherst Introduction In March 2008, the government of the United States was abruptly confronted with the first signals of what later became the greatest financial crisis in U. S. history since the Great Depression. The beginnings of the financial crisis began with the government intervention or bailout of Bear Sterns, the smallest of the five giant Wall Street investment banks, but the first one known to be in financialRead MoreIntroduction Of The Bank Of England986 Words   |  4 Pagesfascinating for one to track on how the global financial integration has been evolving for the past century. Understanding the evolution of output is possible by looking at the measured stocks of the external assets and liabilities; together with the cumulative consequences of the past cross-border capital flows. Global integration of trade and finance started prior to the World War I, at the time when the capital liberalization was last at their peak. Both global integration of trade and finance fellRead MoreThe World Economic Crisis Of 20081701 Words   |  7 Pageseconomic crisis of 2008 was the worst global crisis after the great recession of 1929-30. The most affected economies from the crisis are western European countries. The economic crisis sub sequentially lowers the growth rate of the economies. A large number of American companies incurred heavy losses and it declines in the gross domestic product widely known as GDP of the country. China plays a significant role during the economic crises (Lardy Subramanian, 2012). China was full of financial fundsRead MoreGlobal Financial Crisis : Its Causes And The Global Responses Essay1592 Words   |  7 PagesAssignment topic: Global financial crisis: its cause and the global responses Introduction The global financial crisis or economy crisis is commonly believed to have begun in July 2007 with credit crunch, when a loss of confidence by the US investors in the value of sub-prime mortgages caused a liquidity crisis. On the other hand, due to the big changes that took place over the last 20 to 30 years in the worldwide economy and the influence of 2007 financial crisis, it has re-emerged as one of theRead MoreThe Effects Of Tax Havens On The Globally Economy1161 Words   |  5 Pagesat a low rate, taxes such as income tax and inheritance tax. Offshore banking is when an individual decides to do their banking with a financial intuition that isn’t located in the country in which they reside. The main benefits of banking offshore in tax haven countries are: †¢ Little to no taxes †¢ Added privacy †¢ Security against ‘political, local or financial instability’ (Wikipedia, 2016) At first I didn’t think much of it really, I thought to myself it’s their money they can keep it in whatever

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Jean Paul Sartre´s Existential Philosophy Essay - 1059 Words

Jean Paul Sartres Existential philosophy posits that is in man, and in man alone, that existence precedes essence. Simply put, Sartre means that man is first, and only subsequently to his â€Å"isness† does he become this or that. The implication in Sartres philosophy is that man must create his own essence: it is in being thrown into the world through consciounsess intent, loving, struggling, experiencing and being in the world that man is alllowed to define itself. Yet, the definition always remains open ended: we cannot say that a human is definitively this or that before its death and indeed, it is the ultimate nothingness of death that being is defined. The concepts that Sartre examines in Being and Nothingness exist as part of a†¦show more content†¦There is no pre-programmed destiny, no inherent meaning in our lives. Instead, meaning arises from the individuals impetus to will freely, to do what we choose in any given moment, and to then reflect upon those choi ces and the ways in which they alter reality and the lives of others. Being and Nothingness defines every individual as just that: a lone individual. The nature of our being is truly isolated from the nature of other beings and the world around us – while our actions and essence contain an implicit interconnectedness with the world, while meaning can only come from the existence of external phenomena, our true self is like an island surrounded by impenetrable nothingness – pregnant with the potential for possibility, but always empty in-itself. There is no universal essence that can define every being, there is no divinely-inspired archetype for the human to aspire to (called the adam-kadmon in Hebrew mysticism), as the existence of such a blue-print for our essence would preclude freedom and bind us to an average, everyday homogeneity. Considerations of freedom and choice are the crux of existential philosophy, and being that Sartre is one of the primary philosophers of Existentialism, he examines both concepts with a critical eye in Being and Nothingness. Sartre states plainly that authentic choices are wholey and fully undetermined; if we choose and decide based merely upon the edicts of a religious code or some sort of secular ethicalShow MoreRelatedJean Paul : The Philosopher Of The Twentieth Century1387 Words   |  6 Pages Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre is arguably the best known philosopher of the twentieth century. He was born in Paris France on June 21st in the year 1905, and died on April 15th 1980 at age 74. He was a French philosopher, novelist, literary critic, playwright, political activist and biographer. Jean-Paul attended the École Normale Supà ©rieure from 1924-1929 and became the professor of philosophy in 1931 at Le Havre. He is a well known figure in the philosophy of Essentialism and Phenomenology,Read MoreExistentialism1408 Words   |  6 Pages Existentialism and its facets There are many philosophies that people use in their lives. Some of the ways of thinking are linked to some prominent people. There is idealism, naturalism, experimentalism, and existentialism among others. This essay explores existentialism, which has been postulated by Sartre among others. The other proponents of existentialism include Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, martin Buber, Martin Heidegger and Martin Buber. The weakness and strengths of existentialism are going toRead MoreA Concrete Human Existence, And The Conditions Of Such Existence1689 Words   |  7 Pagesscholarly and fictional works of the French existentialists, Jean-Paul Sartre, Albert Camus and Simone de Beauvoir. The heavily influenced post WWII movement spurred up a whole new way of thinking. Sartre made the movement popular in that he defined â€Å"Existentialism† and wrote many works solely centered on his views. Simone de Beauvoir- An important existentialist who spent much of her life alongside Sartre, wrote about feminism, and existential ethics in her works. These included The Second Sex and TheRead MoreExistentialism And The Beliefs Of The Movement1454 Words   |  6 PagesAccording to Jean-Paul Sartre, a famous existentialist, â€Å"existence precedes and rules essence† (Andrea 665). A clearer way to interpret Sartre would be, there is no previous or former nature to humanity other than what someone creates for themselves. Existentialism strongly believes in our individual existence, freedom, and choices. It emphasizes that humans must find their own meaning in their lives, and attempt making logical or rational decisions even though we live in an irrational universe. Jean-PaulRead MoreExistentialism And How This Philosophical Theory Has Developed Over The Years1443 Words   |  6 Pagesphilosophers like Albert Camus, Jean-Paul Sartre and Martin Heidegger also deny any associat ion with the movement yet their work is pivotal in bringing this theory to the world. Writers like Fyodor Dostoevsky, Franz Kafka also discuss this theme in their work, thus creating literary work on existentialism and developing this theory further. Existentialism taken up by Jean-Paul Sartre, Albert Camus, and Simone de Beauvoir in the 20th century in their literary works, discuss existential themes of dread, despairRead More Sartre’s Existentialism in Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot1572 Words   |  7 Pagesthe quintessence of Sartre’s philosophy. Jean-Paul Sartre, in his lecture â€Å"Existentialism is Humanism,† remarks that â€Å"existence precedes essence† (2), that is, man first materializes and then searches for a purpose – an essence. Samuel Beckett, through his play Waiting for Godot, affirms Sartre’s core argument. Misinterpreting Godot, critic Edith contends that it differs fundamentally from Sartre’s philosophy; Kern acknowledges the existential elements within Godot, but arguesRead MoreExistentialism And Human Emotions By Jean Paul Sartre1513 Words   |  7 PagesJean-Paul Sartre s novel Existentialism and Human Emotions discusses his philosophy that man is responsible for what he is and what he does; that man chooses his values and makes himself. At the beginning of the book, Sartre defends existentialism against several charges that had been laid against it. Throughout the book, Sartre refers to the basis of existentialism using the phrase ‘existence precedes essence . With this, phrase lies the basis for the argument that Existentialism is a HumanismRead MoreExistentialism : What Is It? Essay1704 Words   |  7 Pagesapproach is known as Existentialism. Jean Paul Sartre, a well-known existentialist, introduced his 3-word ideology, existence precedes essence in his lecture titled Existentialism is a Humanism which was presented during 1940’s Europe, a time when people needed a new foundation of thinking. From then, the theory gained popularity and became the backbone of future pieces. For example, even Charles M. Shultz’s cheery cartoon series Peanuts has camouflaged existential crises through it’s characters, particularlyRead MoreExistentialist Therapy : Moderating Life s Journey1752 Words   |  8 Pages Existentialist Therapy: Moderating Life’s Journey Sara Schaedel National Louis University Existentialist Therapy: Moderating Life’s Journey â€Å"Man is nothing else but that which he makes of himself.† (1957, p. 1) Jean-Paul Sartre, one of the original existentialist philosophers inspired scholars like Viktor Frankl to develop a therapeutic form of counseling that facilitates cooperatively helping clients discover their true purpose in life to find meaning. â€Å"Everything can be taken fromRead MoreExistentialism vs Essentialism23287 Words   |  94 Pages------------------------------------------------- Essentialism vs. Existentialism Essentialism: A belief that things have a set of characteristics that make them what they are, amp; that the task of science and philosophy is their discovery amp; expression; the doctrine that essence is prior to existence While, Existentialism:A philosophical theory or approach, that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free amp; responsible agent, determining

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Environmental Law and social Impact the Project - Free Sample

Question: Discuss about the Environmental Law and social Impact. Answer: The expansion of the Townsville port was first brought up by a Master planning process in the year 2007. The stable increase in trade which was predicted for the future was one of the main driving forces behind the master plan recognizing the need to expand the port[1]. The project design has been subjected to social, economical and environmental scrutiny since the time it has been initiated. The design which had been provided in the environmental impact statement has also been subjected to review. The design required work which was probably going to be extended towards the Great Barrier Reef marine park boundaries[2]. There were many submissions against the project pointing out the validity of its needs along with many environmental impacts. The environmental and social impacts of the project included effects on local ecosystem and marine habitat resilience along with the adverse effects of the Great Barrier Reef[3]. The effects of the project on tourism friendly Townsville and magn etic islands were also pointed out in the submissions. The adequacy in relation to the proposed environmental offsets was also challenged by the submissions. The report in relation to the project expansion justifies that the growing trade requires the expansion project for the betterment of economy. The report promises sustainable development by addressing the environment impacts of the projects. The tenants and the port are promising to take up the duty of limiting dust, light and noise which may have a harmful impact on the local communities. The expansion project would also bring in over 175 constriction and 180 operational jobs. The project is set to overcome the capacity restraint of the harbor which would lead to the development of trade and economy[4]. Various risk arise out of the project such as hazard risk, cumulative risk, health and safety risk and critical infrastructure protection. Currently the coordinator-general is preparing the evaluation report in relation to envi ronmental impact statement[5]. In order to conserve the environment and heritage, assessments are undertaken with respect to Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999(EPBCAct)[6]. A person cannot go forward with an action which would have or would likely to have a serious impact in relation to the environment and other matters which are protected unless an approval is obtained from the Australian Government Minister for the Environment and Energy (the Minister). Action in the Act is defined as any development, project, activity or undertaking. The proposed action has to be referred to the minister before any steps are taken towards it. Both state and commonwealth EIS has to be prepared by the proponents addressing their requirements separately. The expansion project has to comply with both state and commonwealth guidelines on environment while preparing the EIS. With respect to state compliance the initial step is to prepare a TOR which would be available for advisory agency and public advisors . The comments made by the public and agencies are considered by the Coordinator-General and copies of the comment are given to the proponent. The availability of the prepared EIS must be made public by the proponent. The coordinator general considers the EIS and other submissions and if satisfied issues a preliminary approval only with imposed conditions. When there are no further conditions the development is approved with reasons for the statement[7]. The ESI should be made in accordance to its guidelines such as use of scientific and technical data, plan for mitigating identified risk, ensuring optimum level of investigation and defining technical terms in plain English. Various sections of EPBC Act such as section 12-18 have to be considered along with Section 20, 23 and 24. Bilateral agreements between state and commonwealth operate to better handle to issues relating to the environment by addressing both state and national needs. The current bilateral agreement allows the min ister of commonwealth to rely on EIA which is specified by the state of Queensland with respect to the EPBC Act. The hydrodynamic impact assessment is done to assess the condition of the marine environment due to the impact of the proposed project. According to the Hydrodynamic impact statement of the proposed expansion the effects are not severe in magnitudes and are limited to changed velocity magnitude with respect to reclamation areas and proposed breakwaters. According to the assessment velocity magnitude only decreases only by 0.25 m/s which is permissible with respect to the advantages of the proposed expansion project. The impact statement also does not indicate any significant change in relation to tidal current velocities due to the expansion project. A three dimensional numeric modeling was used to base evaluation of advection dispersion and hydrodynamic process. A three dimensional flexible mesh model TUFLOW was used which had the capability to handle both advection dispersion and hydrodynamic. For the purpose of representing stratification processes resulting out of the Great Barri er Reef lagoon a baroclinic model configuration was used. In order to assess the changes in wave climate a spectral wave model was used. The models have been tested and used by BMT WBM on various significant studies nlike Murray River Mouth, Gladstone Western Basin Dredging and Disposal Project (coastal studies) and Pipavav Port. In order to assess the water quality and impact on marine ecosystem segment of the AEIS the dredge plume modeling results were used. The section provides a full discussion in relation to the effect of dredging plumes on the quality of water. The winding stage and the Deeping stage of sea channels and platypus is predicted to have the most significant impact from dredging process. Margin of the Magnetic Island along with conditions in relation to sensitive receptors are influenced by the entertainment of sediments by propeller wash procedure and overflow of TSHD[8]. The plumes which would be caused due to the dredging process is likely to have an impact at the local level but is not predicted to impact a large area. There is also negligible increase with respect to suspended sediment concentration at the site of the sensitive receptors. The proponents have developed a Dredge Management plan in order to mange the environmental risk arising out to the dredge process. The proponents have divided the plan in different stages according to the stages of dredge. The proponents aim to capitalize dredging activities done by plants, placing dredged material into reclamation, dredge tailwater management at the site of reclamation, general operations before decommissioning and during dredging process[9]. Maritime structures like marine pile diving, breakwaters and other structures of the reclamation based on land and a different construction environmental plan is formed to address the same. operational degrading is also not covered by the plan as it is controlled by POTLs. The plan intends to protect environmental values resulting out of long term ill effects of dredging effects on water quality. The plan also intends to minimize the impact of the project on existing marine fauna and flora including their habitats due to material placement and capital dredging activities. The plan sets out guidelines to mage waste resulting out of the process. The plan also addresses the risk of accidents such as oil spills and vessel collision which could damage the surrounding environment. The proponents have also taken steps to reduce noise from the project which could result in nuisance. The proponents have introduced technical advisory committee and environmental supervisors to take care of the issue. Yes, the measures taken by the proponents would successfully be able to mitigate the adverse effects as the effects according to the assessment are not much. The social impacts relevant to the project both beneficial and adverse have been discussed briefly in this Section. The response of the community who are affected due to the community engagement process including marine and port users along with indigenous communities has to be considered. Sufficient data needs to be included in order to help the affected state and local authorities to make informed decisions in relation to the effect of the project on business and cultural and social area of the project[10]. The primary and secondary impacts of other projects also need to be addressed at both regional and local level. Population shift and disruption of present lifestyle has to be considered. The social well being and health of the local communities have to be considered. Population influx causing drugs, violence social and cultural disruption has to be addressed[11]. The projects must also include the need of young people, women, children, aged and disabled. The project also needs t o address cultural property issues of indigenous people. The project must also consider the impact on recreational activities and marine transportation. The revenue which the project is likely to bring into the affected area has to be considered comparing it to the adverse effects. The housing and accommodation issues have to be addressed by the proponents and they must ensure that most of the operational and constructional workforce is hired from the local community in order to ensure economic development. Education and training provisions has to be included for women children and people with disability in order to minimize social adverse impact and enhance the social environment[12]. References Australian and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council and Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand 2000, The Australian and New Zealand Guidelines for Fresh and Marine Water Quality, viewed 15 December 2010 Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 Operational Policy Material Change in intensity or scale for an environmental relevant activity ERA 2011, viewed 24 January 2012, Policy for Vegetation Management Offsets, version 3, Department of Environment and Resource Management, Brisbane, viewed 7 November 2011, Queensland Biodiversity Offset Policy (version 1), Department of Environment and Resource Management, Brisbane, viewed 7 November 2011, Queensland Reconstruction Authority 2011, Temporary State Planning Policy: Planning for stronger, more resilient floodplains, Queensland Reconstruction Authority, Brisbane, viewed 23 January 2012 State Planning Policy 3/11: Coastal Protection, Department of Environment and Resource Management, Brisbane, viewed 2 February 2012, State Planning Policy 5/10: Air, Noise and Hazardous Materials, Department of Environment and Resource Management, Brisbane, viewed 23 January 2012, Townsville City Council 2010, Black Ross (Townsville) Water Quality Improvement Plan, Townsville City Council, Townsville, viewed 2 February 2012,